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This article contains indepth information about the 2010 psychological thriller, Shutter Island.
"Shutter Island" is a 2010 American psychological mystery-thriller film directed by Martin Scorsese. The film is based on Dennis Lehane's 2003 novel of the same name. Production started in March 2008. Leonardo DiCaprio stars as U.S. Marshal Edward "Teddy" Daniels, who is investigating the psychiatric facility on Shutter Island.
Shutter Island was originally slated to be released on October 2, 2009, but Paramount pushed the release date to February 19, 2010. Paramount head executive Brad Grey blamed the economic downturn as the main factor behind the delayed release date.
In 1954, U.S. Marshal Edward "Teddy" Daniels (Leonardo DiCaprio) and his partner, Chuck Aule (Mark Ruffalo), go to the Ashecliff Hospital for the criminally insane on Shutter Island. They are investigating the disappearance of Rachel Solando, a patient said to have vanished from a locked room. Dr. John Cawley (Ben Kingsley), the head psychiatrist, explains that Rachel was institutionalized after drowning her three children.
During the search for Rachel, Teddy sees a lighthouse but he is told it has already been searched. The Marshals question the staff and learn that Rachel's psychiatrist, Dr. Sheehan, left for vacation that morning. Teddy asks to see the hospital personnel files but Cawley refuses. That night, Teddy has strange dreams about his wife, Dolores Chanal (Michelle Williams), who had died in a fire two years before. During this dream, she tells Teddy that Rachel is still on the island, as is Andrew Laeddis, the man who started the fire in which she died.
In the morning, they interview patients from Rachel's group therapy sessions, one of whom, after creating a diversion for Chuck, passes Teddy a warning to run. Later that day, Teddy explains to Chuck the real reason why he took the case: after being transferred to Ashecliff, Andrew Laeddis disappeared, so he took it upon himself to investigate the institution. During Teddy's investigation, he met George Noyce, a former patient who claimed that the institution was performing experiments on humans, so Teddy sets out to bring it down.
Without any prompting, Teddy is told Rachel Solando (Emily Mortimer) appeared some time ago and is in good physical health, after which she is presented to him. In the following scene, a delusional Rachel mistakes Teddy for her husband who died during the war, after which she has a psychotic episode. Following these events, Teddy starts feeling sick, developing photosensitivity and getting increasingly intense headaches. During his sleep he has an episode of hallucinations, which prompt him upon waking to investigate Ward C, where the most dangerous patients are housed. There he eventually finds Noyce (Jackie Earle Haley), who says that the whole situation is a game for Teddy's benefit and that he is afraid of being taken to the lighthouse.
Teddy and Chuck escape the institution, heading to the cliffs surrounding the island, intending to reach the lighthouse. At some point during their escape, Chuck disappears and Teddy discovers a cave where the real Rachel Solando (Patricia Clarkson) is hiding. She tells Teddy she was a doctor at Ashecliff until she found out about the experiments and was therefore committed as a patient. She explains that the hospital is using psychotropic medication in an attempt to master mind control, seeking to create sleeper agents for use in the Cold War. She says that Teddy has been similarly drugged since he arrived on the island.
Teddy eventually makes it to the lighthouse but finds nothing unusual, contrary to what Noyce and Solando had told him was occurring there. When he reaches the top of the lighthouse, he finds Dr. Cawley waiting for him. The doctor reveals that Teddy is actually Andrew Laeddis and he's been a patient for two years, under the care of Dr. Sheehan, the man he thought was Chuck. Cawley tells Teddy it was actually he who shot and killed his manic depressive wife after she drowned their three children, and then went on to create a fantasy where he was a hero to evade reality. This fantasy required him to adopt a new identity as Edward Daniels, an agent investigating the disappearance of Rachel Solando, these names being anagrams of "Andrew Laeddis" and "Dolores Chanal", his name and his wife's. Cawley explains that during his time in the clinic, Andrew had gone through several cycles of beginning his investigation, only to have found out the truth about reality once before nine months previously, after which he again regressed into his same fantasy. Cawley says that Sheehan and he decided to try an experimental therapy, in which they contributed to enact Andrew's fantasy, in an attempt to bring him back to reality, and avoid giving Andrew a lobotomy, which is deemed the final and most drastic remedy. Andrew finally accepts reality.
The next morning, however, Andrew once again refers to Dr. Sheehan as "Chuck," indicating that he has regressed and that the therapy was unsuccessful. Dr. Sheehan silently indicates this failure to Dr. Cawley. Before leaving, Andrew asks Dr. Sheehan/Chuck "Which would be worse - to live as a monster, or to die as a good man?" revealing that he has in fact not regressed, but is choosing to be lobotomized.
Feature film rights to the 2003 novel Shutter Island by Dennis Lehane were first optioned to Columbia Pictures in 2003, but the rights lapsed back to the author. The author's representatives then sold the rights to the production company Phoenix Pictures, who hired screenwriter Laeta Kalogridis to adapt the novel for film. The project was in development for a year. By October 2007, the project had developed into a co-production between the studios Columbia Pictures and Paramount Pictures. Director Martin Scorsese and actor Leonardo DiCaprio, who had worked together on three films, were both attracted to Shutter Island as their next collaboration. Locations in Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Nova Scotia were scouted. Production began on March 6, 2008.
Filming of the World War II flashback scenes for DiCaprio's character, a former soldier, took place in Taunton, Massachusetts. Scorsese filmed the scenes in old industrial buildings in Taunton's Whittenton Mills Complex to replicate Dachau, a World War II concentration camp seen in flashbacks. Extras portraying the Dachau prisoners were called back to reshoot a scene in July, because the film of one scene was damaged due to an improperly sealed film shipping container. Scenes were filmed at the old Medfield State Hospital in Medfield, Massachusetts. Scenes in Doctor Cawley's office were shot on the second floor of the chapel during the late evening; lights were shone on the windows to make it look like it was daytime. The surrounding brick walls in the outside hospital scenes were actually painted plywood which served the dual purpose of acting as scenery and blocking the set from view of a local road. Originally, scenes were going to be shot at the old Worcester State Hospital, but the filming would have gone on during the demolition of the surrounding buildings, which was impractical. Borderland State Park in Sharon, Massachusetts was used for the cabin scene. Peddocks Island was used as a setting for the story's island and East Point, in Nahant, Massachusetts for the lighthouse scenes. Filming ended on July 2, 2008.
No original soundtrack was written for the film. Instead, Scorsese made use of his long time collaborator Robbie Robertson to create an ensemble of previously recorded material to use in the film. According to a statement on Paramount's website: "The collection of modern classical music [on the soundtrack album] was hand-selected by Robertson, who is proud of its scope and sound. 'This may be the most outrageous and beautiful soundtrack I’ve ever heard.' [Robertson stated]."
A full track-listing of the album can be seen below. All the musical works are
featured in the final film.
The film was scheduled to be released by Paramount Pictures in the United States and Canada on October 2, 2009. Paramount later announced it was going to push back the release date to February 19, 2010. Reports attribute the pushback to Paramount not having "the financing in 2009 to spend the $50 to $60 million necessary to market a big awards pic like this," to DiCaprio's unavailability to promote the film internationally, and to Paramount's hope that the economy might rebound enough by February 2010 that a film geared toward adult audiences would be more viable financially.
The film premiered at the 60th Berlin International Film Festival as part of the competition screening on February 13, 2010. Spanish distributor Manga Films will distribute the film in Spain after winning a bidding war that reportedly reached the $6 million to $8 million range.
The film has received generally positive reviews. Review aggregate Rotten Tomatoes reports that 68% of critics have given the film a positive review based on 224 reviews, with an average score of 6.6/10. The critical consensus is: It may not rank with Scorsese's best work, but Shutter Island's gleefully unapologetic genre thrills represent the director at his most unrestrained. It also received a weighted average score of 63% from Metacritic based on 37 reviews from mainstream critics. Lawrence Toppman of The Charlotte Observer gave the film 4/4 stars claiming "After four decades, Martin Scorsese has earned the right to deliver a simple treatment of a simple theme with flair." Writing for The Wall Street Journal, John Anderson highly praised the film suggesting it "requires multiple viewings to be fully realized as a work of art. Its process is more important than its story, its structure more important than the almost perfunctory plot twists it perpetrates. It's a thriller, a crime story and a tortured psychological parable about collective guilt." Awarding the film 3½ stars out of 4, Roger Ebert of The Chicago Sun-Times wrote in this review that "the movie is about: atmosphere, ominous portents, the erosion of Teddy's confidence and even his identity. It's all done with flawless directorial command. Scorsese has fear to evoke, and he does it with many notes."
Of The Orlando Sentinel, Roger Moore, giving the film 2½ stars out of 4, wrote "It's not bad, but as Scorsese, America’s greatest living filmmaker and film history buff should know, even Hitchcock came up short on occasion. See for yourself." One mixed review includes Dana Stevens of Slate who described the film "an aesthetically and at times intellectually exciting puzzle, but it's never emotionally involving." The Washington Post film critic Ann Hornaday negatively described the film as being "weird". A.O. Scott of The New York Times wrote in his review that "Something TERRIBLE is afoot. Sadly, that something turns out to be the movie itself."
The film opened #1 at the box office with $41 million, according to studio estimates. The movie gave both Scorsese and DiCaprio their best box office opening yet.
The film remained #1 for five weeks straight with $22.2 million. As of May 21, 2010 (2010 -05-21), the film has grossed $127,860,427 in North America and an estimated $166,500,000 in foreign markets, for a total of $293,796,367 and became Scorsese's highest-grossing film worldwide.
Blu-ray and DVD releases are for June 8, 2010. The DVD will feature no extra material, as the Blu-ray will include a Behind the Shutters featurette that follows the film from its inception as an acclaimed novel through the production process and to the big screen, and an Into the Lighthouse feature that discusses the historical landscape of psychiatric therapies during the 1950s through interviews with cast and crew.
This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "Shutter Island" and is licensed under the CC-BY-SA. This article has been modified from the original.
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